The island of Lefkada is the fourth largest Ionian island (320 km2 ) and the fourth most-populated one with about 22,000 inhabitants. The “karsaniko” embroidery and the Christmas, New Year’s, Theofaneia and Easter customs are some of the most important cultural traits of the people of Lefkada. The Philharmonic Society of Lefkada (PSL), the second oldest society in Greece (established in 1850), has contributed to the cultural heritage of the island by participating in major historical events, like the Olympic Games in 1896.
The International Dance and Music Folklore Festival, where many artists from all over the world participate, has been taking place in Lefkada every summer from 1962 until today. There is also the Speech and art festival, which were first held in 1955 and constitute one of the oldest institutions in Greece.
The island of Lefkada is also ideal for water sports fans. All around the island, there are beaches where you can enjoy water sports. For example, on the sandy beach of Ai Giannis, one can try kite – surfing and learn its secrets. Every year there are official games with athletes from all over the world. Ponti beach in Vassiliki Bay is the windsurfers’ haunt. Hundreds of athletes visit there every year to show off their windsurfing skills. The windsurfing festival also takes place there. The two beaches above are among the top three beaches in Europe and the ten top beaches in the world for extreme water sports. Other sports the island has to offer are scuba-diving, water-skiing, paragliding, sailing, cycling and horse-riding.